Explanation of terms

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Here you will find a list of terms that may crop up in your assignments and an explanation of what you must include in your answers to get the most marks.

Analyse

Break the subject into separate parts and examine each part in detail. Identify the main issues and ideas and show how they are related to practice and why they are important. Reference to current research or theory may support the analysis.

Apply

Explain how existing knowledge can be linked to new or different situations, in practice.

Clarify

Explain the information in a clear, concise way showing depth of understanding.

Compare

Examine the subjects in detail, consider and contrast similarities and differences.

Classify

Organise according to specific criteria.

Collate

Collect and present information arranged in sequence or logical order

Compare

Examine the subjects in detail and consider the similarities and differences

Critically compare

This is a development of compare where the learner considers the positive aspects and limitations of the subject in more depth.

Consider

Think Carefully and write about a problem, action or decision.

Define

State the meaning of a word or phrase. Quotations from other authors may be used but must be referenced and cited.

Demonstrate

Show an understanding by describing, explaining or illustrating, using examples.

Differentiate

Outline the differences between two or more things.

Discuss

Write a detailed account giving a range of views or opinions.

Distinguish

Explain the difference between two or more items, resources and pieces of information

Diagnose

Identify the cause based on valid evidence

Describe

Provide a broad range of detailed information about the subject or item in a logical way.

Draw Conclusions (which…)

Make a final decision or judgement based on reasons and evidence.

Estimate

Form an approximate opinion or judgement using previous knowledge or considering other information.

Explain

Apply reasoning to account for how something is or to show understanding of underpinning concepts. Responses could include examples to support these reasons.

Evaluate

Examine strengths and weaknesses, arguments for and against and/or similarities and differences. Judge the evidence from the different perspectives and make a valid conclusion or reasoned judgment. Apply current research or theories to support the evaluation.

Identify

Apply an in-depth knowledge to give the main points accurately, with short descriptions of each.

Implement

Explain how to put an idea or plan into action

Interpret

Explain the meaning of something

Illustrate

Give clear information using written examples, pictures or diagrams.

Give (positive and negative points)

Provide information showing the advantages and disadvantages of the subject .

Judge

Form an opinion or make a decision

Justify

Give a satisfactory explanation for actions or decisions

List

Make a list of key words, sentences or comments that focus on the subject.

Plan

Think about and organise information in a logical way using an appropriate format.

Perform

Carry out a task or process to meet the requirements of the question.

Provide

Identify and give relevant and detailed information in relations to the subject.

Reflect

Learners should consider their actions, experiences or learning and implications of these in to suggest significant developments for practice and professional development

Review and revise

Look back over the subject and make corrections or changes.

Select

Make an Informed choice for a specific purpose.

Show

Supply evidence to demonstrate accurate knowledge and understanding.

State

Give the main points clearly in sentences or paragraphs.

Summarise

Give the main ideas or facts in a concise way.

Use

Take or apply an item, resource or piece of information- as asked in the question or task.